The Sixteenth President

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 The Sixteenth President

10 May 1860

Senator Jefferson Davis launches candidacy

for the Presidency of the United States

 

How would history have been altered, had Jefferson Davis sought the Presidency of the United States in 1860?  Davis was at that time an honored Senator and Veteran of the War with Mexico.  During those pre-War for Confederate Independence years, the Democratic Party was the conservative party and the new Republican Party the liberal party of Abraham Lincoln.  However the divisions between the north and south had grown bitter during the 1850’s and the Democratic National Convention held in Charleston that year, reflected those divisions.

The below story pictures a scenario wherein the other Democratic Candidates would have decided to withdrawn, had Senator Jefferson Davis sought the U.S. Presidency.  A couple of questions then remain, could Davis have beaten Abraham Lincoln and become the 16th President?  If this scenario had taken place, would the northern States have seceded from the Union upon the election of Jefferson Davis?  Join us, read the below story and discover for yourself!

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Presidential Election of 1860
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Holy Scriptures - Psalms 47:7-8
 

The War for Confederate Independence, commonly known in Yankee revisionist history as the Civil War could easily have been avoided, and the differences between the north and south resolved.  All that would have been required is for the Yankees under Abraham Lincoln to acknowledge the South’s unalienable right to self-government, to form their own nation, and to have negotiated with President Jefferson Davis on equal terms, without the threat of force.  The true point of difference however was the north’s belief in ‘Manifest destiny’ and the South’s in the ‘Divine Providence of Almighty God.’  The below story is an attempt to answer the great what if; what if history had turned out differently, and how might it have unfolded under such a scenario?
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The prevailing opinion since the late War for Confederate Independence is that the Cause of the Confederacy is evil, thus everything Confederate and Southern has been demonized.  However when the historical revisionism and political correctness is peeled away, one finds the cause of this denomination “slavery” has been falsely reported.  Slavery in the South as elsewhere was a product of its own time, many of the Founding Fathers of the United States owned slaves.  It should be remembered, during the 19th century, northeastern bankers and merchants made huge fortunes from the transportation, importing and sale of slaves, and the only place in the States where mass Negro graves where found is in the north.

Abraham Lincoln’s use of the slave issue was merely a convenience, whereby he might justify what would in modern times be considered crimes against humanity and war crimes, having waged an aggressive war of conquest.  And above all else the War for Confederate Independence was a conflict between the largely Secular North and the predominantly Christian south and we can see the results of their victory in our modern heathen society.  That Lincoln has been portrayed and lifted up to the status of Sainthood does not alter the truths of history, that he was a tyrant!

Had Abraham Lincoln been of the British Blue Bloods during the pre-Revolutionary days, he would have been among the first to charge the Founding Fathers with being traitors against the British Crown.  Thus the Secession of the Southern States from the Union of States, like that of the Colonies from Great Britain, is an unalienable right, not a privilege.  Almighty God in Creation has endowed us with this as well as other unalienable rights, which are not subject to approval by the ruling elite!

These following words are found in the U.S.’s own Declaration of Independence, "When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation."  The Southern States had quite properly proclaimed the cause of their separation!
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Proclamation of Independence

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Jefferson Davis and Abraham Lincoln to hold campaign debate in Richmond Virginia!
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After negotiations with the Wigs, Constitutional and Democratic Parties, Jefferson Davis has decided to announce his candidacy for the Presidency of the United States.  His candidacy will certainly cause a heated campaign between the abolitionist north and the slave holding south, as to how best to end the institution of slavery.  Future history will no doubt record this as the most divisive campaign in the nation’s history.  The victor will likely alter the course of history, and for centuries yet to come!
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The elections of 1858 had left the Southern States in a strong position in both the U.S. House and Senate!  President James Buchanan would not be running for reelection, of that much was certain.  The South was quickly rallying around a very popular powerful and well-known Senator by the name of Jefferson Davis of Mississippi, urging him to seek the Presidency of the United States.  However Senator Davis was a member of the aging Wig Party, which was a party in decline.  The Democrats were divided as to whom they would run as a candidate; fears were the party would be sorely divided by running two or even three candidates.
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There being a congressional recess Jefferson Davis traveled the long distance from Washington DC to his plantation in southwestern Mississippi, things were going well there as he went about the task of a planter and gentleman farmer.  Speaking to his wife Varina over breakfast she perceived that he was perplexed in his mind, wanting to remain on the plantation, yet feeling the strong pull of the political arena.  She looked across the table at her husband, you know honey, she said, the nation is really divided and the people are looking for you to unite them.  Jefferson stared at his wife for a moment, I know sweetheart, but I fear that no matter what I do, the rift will become permanent!
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But for the moment, a coalition of Southern Democrats and Whig’s, joined by a several politicians from a sympathetic northern Border States, had complete domination of both houses of the federal legislature.  President Buchanan, wanted to broker a deal between the slave and anti-slave States, but otherwise he presented no real obstacle, thus the coalition turned to the majority party in power in both houses of the congress.  Senator Davis knew he had to make a decision, and soon!  Political turbulence loomed over the horizon, and the word out of Springfield Illinois was of a likely candidacy of a man by the name of Abraham Lincoln, it even appeared that war was not out of the question.
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Lincoln was well aware of the crowds gathered outside his home in Springfield Illinois, and he knew of the turmoil his possible candidacy would cause.  He paced back and forth in his setting room listening to the noise of the people, urging him to run, his wife Mary sat in her easy chair.  Abe, you’ll will need to address the people sooner or later, so you might as well make your decision, run or not, but decide and let them know, one way or the other.  As for me I will support whatever decision you make but I must say, I am not crazy about moving to Washington.  Abe paused for a moment and gave a quick glace at his wife; Mary, I must consider the implications of Jefferson Davis as an opponent, a situation I had not anticipated before.
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Mary replied quickly to her husband’s remarks, Abe, the only thing on Jefferson Davis’s mind is returning to being a planter and a farmer, I’d wager he doesn’t have the stomach for a Presidential bid.  I don’t know Mary, it is true he prefers farming, and he expressed as much publicly.  But he is also a politician, and he holds very strong principles from his point of view, and he no doubt considers them worth the struggle.  The two of them looked directly at each other, as Mary responded in the strongest of terms, does that include slavery?  Abe now had the most serious look on his face; the subject will surely be an issue in the campaign, regardless of who the candidates might be!
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Lincoln was known in political circles to be a man with only a few years of formal education, but for the most part, he was a self-educated backwoodsman.  And Mr. Lincoln would be running under the banner of a relatively new political party, known as the Republican Party!  Few people took Lincoln's possible candidacy serious, not at this early date; still, Jefferson Davis was not one to consider an electoral victory a sure thing.  In politics as in war, he knew surprises could shift the outcome in favor of an opponent!  Davis was aware of one certainty however; he could not win on a Wigs ticket, if he decided to run, he must consider changing his party affiliation to the Democratic Party, and even then he must somehow unify a sorely divided party.

Additionally, in order to increase the chances of victory, the other two candidates and possibly a third, must be persuaded to drop out of the race.  Shifting party loyalties was not in his nature, but given the decline in the Wigs party in recent elections, it appeared that no other option was open to him.  The Democrats were a relatively conservative party, and Senator Davis had worked well with them in the Senate!  The Democratic and the Wig Party Coalition had made the unusual move of electing him Majority Leader of the Senate; an attempt no doubt to persuade him to switch parties.  In any case this would be an unprecedented move given the present status of the Wigs, regardless of their sliding fortunes at the polls!

True the honorable Senator Davis was a compromise candidate for the Majority Leadership, coming at the same time as these extremely divisive issues for the Democrats.  Emotions were raging, a situation which could easily lead to a split in the party, culminating in a loss of Southern domination in the congress.  He'd been able to protect Southern interests to date by persuading a number of Northern Senators to remain in the coalition.  But then again, everyone knew the Wig’s, even though in a fairly good position now, were a party in decline.  Before the spring recess of the congress, Senator Davis decided to pay a visit to the Wigs as well as the Democratic Party Leaders!

If he could broker a deal, he would then discuss any possible decision regarding his candidacy with his own family, before making a public announcement.  The divisions within the Democratic Party was quieted somewhat, when the outspoken Steven A. Douglas decided not to bolt the Democratic Party and run for president as an independent.  The Democratic Wig Coalition in the Congress had given him a strong voice in the House of Representatives.  The possible candidacy of the very popular Senator Jefferson Davis had however, caused concerns among the pro-northern abolitionist.  Davis was extremely popular and well known, but equally important, he was known as an outstanding orator!

Jefferson Davis was an humble man and not prone to boasting, that he always left to others who told him in no uncertain words, he would be more then a match for the country spun yarns and stories of Abraham Lincoln.  On his way back to Washington after the spring recess he stopped over in Atlanta to speak to a gathering of Democrats, Wigs and as well as a couple of men from the Constitutional Union Party.  Among them were John Bell and Sam Houston, as well as Steven A. Douglas and Robert M.T. Turner who were Democrats.  They met in the hotel Tea Room, the hotel being of the finest and only a short distance down the street from the Railroad Station.
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After a little small talk among those who had called the meeting, Steven A. Douglas took the lead as the spokesman and made the opening remarks; Senator Davis, a number of us candidates have held a caucus, and we have come to a decision.  Davis looked about the table at each of them, and then remarked, please do continue!  Douglas glanced at Davis then went directly to the point; we are urging you to enter as a candidate for President of the United States.  Davis started to speak, but Houston cut in, please Senator Davis, hear him out, we have an offer, which is attached to our request!
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Douglas then continued and presented the groups offer, it is felt among our numbers that you could beat Abraham Lincoln giving the South a friend in the Whitehouse, where presently there are so many candidates in the race, Lincoln would surely win.  In such a case divisions within the nation itself could become so severe it might well lead to war.  Robert Turner spoke adding his thoughts, you’ve surely given it some thought these past months; will you accept?  If so, all the other candidates have agreed to drop out of the race, thereby leaving it as a two man contest between you and Mr. Lincoln.  Davis stood to his feet and pace the floor a short while then responded, yes gentlemen, I will accept!

Jefferson Davis with the others in the caucus standing by made the announcement to the press that very afternoon, by the next day word had spread far and wide, seemingly to ever corner of the land.  It wasn’t long before his advisors in Illinois had now surrounded Abraham Lincoln, who already on the stump locally.  The crowds as well as the press surrounding him was so numerous he could hardly discern from which direction the questions were coming.  Mr. Lincoln one gentleman in the crowd asked; I heard tell this Jefferson Davis is very good with words can you beat him?  Lincoln half glanced at the gentleman then replied I am capable of giving an adequate response to anything he says!
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General Robert E. Lee, the famous hero of the Mexican War, who had captured John Brown and his raiders, was known to be his choice as a Vice Presidential running mate, should he run.  It seemed that no matter what choice he made, if a northerner wasn't on the ticket, it would cause severe divisions within the country.  Yet General Lee was a logical choice, and one that even abolitionist northerners would find hard to argue against.  General Lee had served as Commandant of West Point during the period when Jefferson Davis was Secretary of War, and had proven himself to be fair, just and impartial.  A true gentleman warrior, statesman and man of honor!
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Dateline 13 July 1860
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The summer found the candidates on the stump, Candidates Jefferson Davis and Robert E. Lee, made their first tour throughout the Southland to firm up support among fellow Southerners, before venturing north.  Sometimes heading off in different directions!  Their reception proved more then either man had hoped for, with throngs of people greeting them at every rail stop along the way.  Thus the two men quickly became known for their speeches from the rear of the train on the back platform of the caboose.  News and Magazine Reporters quickly caught on, and were soon found in large numbers at every stop along the way.  People often traveled for miles, in hopes of hearing one of them speak!
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Finally the evitable day came, when Jefferson Davis and Robert E. Lee knew they must begin their northern campaign!  The two men were strongly opposed in the New England states, but in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, it was thought they might win a close majority of the electoral vote.  Thus a choice was made to stop in Chicago, where a reply would be made to Abraham Lincoln's abolitionist sentiments.  It was in the windy city that Candidate Jefferson Davis announced his plan that if elected, he would recommend to the congress, a proposed constitutional amendment that would have the effect of abolishing the importation of slaves.

Further he would appoint a committee to look into a fair and equitable means whereby slavery would be grandfathered out!  The slaves would be purchase at fair market value, then educated prior to granting them their freedom.  Thus the economy would not be destroyed and Negroes could be integrated smoothly into the general population, without a severe upheaval.  The funds used to purchase the slaves would in turn, permit the plantation owners to hire the needed labor during the critical transition.  While in the meantime the press hounded him for details of his proposal, and it was after all widely debated among the electorate.  Its major effect was to stem the tide of resentment to the South's most peculiar institution!  However, in most New England States the hatred toward Jefferson Davis and his possible presidency seem to intensify!
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Dateline 18 August 1860
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Abraham Lincoln had been urging Jefferson Davis to debate him throughout the campaign, naturally favoring holding the debate in Springfield.  But Jefferson Davis knew better then to give Lincoln the edge, by debating him on his own turf!  Thus he insisted the debate be held in Richmond Virginia, which would turned out to be the turning point in the campaign.  Abraham Lincoln reluctantly agreed, and the debate was schedule for early August of 1860.  On the positive side, the debate caused Jefferson Davis to appear as being better suited for the Presidency!
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Notwithstanding Lincoln had hoped to blast the Democrats concerning the evils of slavery, but given Senator Davis’s own announced strategy to end slavery without an upheaval or any economic loss, Lincoln was completely knocked off his rhythm, from which he never seemed to recover.  Additionally, Abraham Lincoln’s backwoods rhetoric did not hold well with the good citizens of Virginia.  In spite of himself he managed to fill the air with his inflammatory ramblings about rewarding the Slave Masters for their treatment of slaves.

Later after returning to extend his campaign throughout the north, Lincoln did managed to further divide the 33 States and territories into the Jefferson Davis and Abraham Lincoln camps.  Notwithstanding he had hoped to blast the Democrats with the evils of slavery, but given Senator Davis’s own strategy would end slavery without an upheaval or economic loss.  The strategy worked for Davis, inasmuch as he completely knocked Lincoln off his rhythm, from which he never fully recovered.

The States which lined up on the abolitionist Republican side were: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rode Island and Vermont.  The territory of Kansas and the western counties of Virginia also tended sided with Abraham Lincoln.  These eleven states threatened to secede, if Jefferson Davis were elected!  The western counties of Virginia threatened to secede from Virginia and join the New England States in forming a new nation.  The State of Missouri while divided, decided to remain loyal, should Jefferson Davis be elected.  This was due in large part to Jefferson Davis’ popularity, and the strong Southern influence within the State!
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Dateline 30 November 1860
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When Election Day arrived, Jefferson Davis and the conservative Democrats took 23 out of the 33 States; the surprise came in Delaware where Davis eked out a close victory.  Still the secession of the north was inevitable, but in the lower third of the Pennsylvania, the counties indicated they would remain loyal, and not follow their State into secession.  This was considered in large part, due to their proximity and close ties with the Dominion of Ole Virginia!
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Abraham Lincoln had banked on the States of Illinois, Indiana and Ohio, but lost in all three, by a margin of approximately 65 to 35 percent.  There was much moaning and complaining in the northern sector of these three States, but things remained calm.  After the election, Jefferson Davis began the process of carefully selecting his cabinet.  He and his Vice President elect Robert E. Lee, met in Montgomery Alabama for the purpose of putting his government together!

Among those selected was Howell Cobb of Georgia - Secretary of the Interior, Judea Benjamin - Attorney General and Alexander Stephens - Secretary of State.  Robert Toombs was chosen for Secretary of the Treasury, Robert W. Barnwell - Postmaster General, the Honorable L. P. Walker - Secretary of War, and Stephen A. Mallory of Florida - Secretary of the Navy.  However, controversy arose when the little known Thomas J. Jackson, then a Professor at the Virginia Military Institute, was sought for promotion to General of the Army, thereby passing over a multitude of qualified, higher ranking men.  Later the nation would come to know why Jefferson Davis, sixteenth U.S. President, made these choices!
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Dateline 18 April 1861
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The fire was soon to come, when on 20 December New York voted to secede from the union, followed by Massachusetts on 9 January, Maine on 10 January, New Hampshire on 11 January.  Finally Connecticut on 19 January and Rode Island on 26 January.  Pennsylvania would leave the union on 2 March!  Meantime on 4 February 1861 the Union of American States, or U.A.S. was formed between the first six seceding States.  Abraham Lincoln, having since moved to New York City, was inaugurated on 18 February as their Provisional President!  The seat of the new U.A.S. government was to be New York City, but talks were soon underway, proposing the capital might later be moved to Boston Massachusetts.  Still, the rift was not over as another four States left the Union before the end of spring!

The first among these were Vermont on 17 April and Michigan on 6 May; both would join the new Yankee nation!  The United States had already split into two nations, when on 4 March; Jefferson Davis stood on the steps of the U.S. Capital, and took the oath of Office as the Sixteenth President.  The Lower third of Pennsylvania by this time had petitioned the new president to be allowed to remain in the Union, as a separate State.  However, this lower section of Pennsylvania was instead granted temporary commonwealth status, pending a further decision in the case.  The western counties of Virginia, which was anticipated to leave the union, failed to take action when the time came, thus remained a part of the Ole Virginia Commonwealth.   Economics more then politics appeared to be their motivation!

Soon after the inauguration of President Jefferson Davis, the Southern third of Pennsylvania, along with Maryland and Delaware was militarily reinforced as a precautionary measure.  The northern nation became humorously known as the Socialist States of America, or S.S.A. rather then their true name Union of American States.  President Lincoln had requested a meeting with President Davis soon after their inaugurations, which Davis accepted on his own terms.  Providing the meeting would be held at the ‘Lee Custis Mansion’ in Alexandria Virginia, according to the invitation of Vice President Robert E. Lee.  Lincoln wanted very much to hold the meeting in New York, the temporary capital of the new republic, but reluctantly agreed to travel to Alexandria.
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Dateline 24 April 1861
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Only a little more then a month after his inauguration, President Davis announced to the press, his proposed amendment to the constitution, with the leadership of the House and Senate standing by his side.  In a conference with the leadership of the congress, the text of the new proposed constitutional amendment had been agreed upon and released to the press.  The amendment would now be officially submitted to the congress for their consideration.  The press has provided with a copy of the text of what would become the thirteenth amendment, which reads as follows: "The importation of Negro slaves of the African race, from any foreign country, is hereby prohibited; and congress is required to pass such laws as shall effectually prevent the same."
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Dateline 28 April 1861
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Presidents Jefferson Davis as well as Abraham and Mary Lincoln were the guests of Robert and Mrs. Lee, which extended for several days; the discussions were cordial and diplomatic, but none-the-less, frank and to the point.  Mr. Lincoln stated President Davis; is it not true that during the campaign you boasted to the press, the union must be preserved at any cost?  And, that my election would be a threat to the union!  After hearing the South would secede, did you not express in the strongest possible terms, secession is unconstitutional and illegal?  Secession you said; "...amounts to no more then a rebellion against federal authority, the union is indivisible!"
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How say you to the matter now sir?  Shall I enforce your own words upon you with armed might or perhaps I should reduce northern cities to rubble, if you resist?  Would not an ‘Indivisible Union’ compel me to send our armies looting, burning, raping and murdering everyone and everything in sight!  Suppose sir, I send General Thomas J. Jackson to destroy everything within a 60 mile wide pathway, in a march from our northern most border in Pennsylvania through New York?  After the surrender of your northern armies, we then force them to swear an oath of allegiance!  We might then forcibly remove any northern government from power having voted to secede, and require them to repeal their articles of secession.
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Thereafter should we not replace them with those prepared carry out our directives and rescind the article of secession, which was adopted by the northern States?  I could place the northern States under occupation, marshal law, and in a state of unending and perpetual subjugation.  Later instituting a program of cultural cleansing and genocide, until such a time as the northern people begin to think more like our selves.  This would be carrying out your very own wishes, would it not sir?  Do you still believe in the principles you have so forcefully professed during the campaign, or have you reconsidered?  Since under present conditions, those principles are aimed at the north, rather then the South!
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I am prepared sir, to raise an army strong enough to drive you and yours, all the way to the Canadian Border, or into the Atlantic Ocean, if need be.  If enforcing an ‘Indivisible Union’ is your desire!  Abraham Lincoln, the once boastful and arrogant politician, who was going to preserve what, was created to be a voluntary republic of sovereign States, through the aggressive use of armed force, if necessary.  Somehow had never imagined his own words would one day, coming back to haunt him.  But now, he regretted those words more then any one could know.  They seemed like a sharp two-edged sword at his throat, and it was certainly one of his own making!

President Lincoln looked over at the newly elected and inaugurated President Jefferson Davis, from his place at the table, then he glanced over at Vice President Robert E. Lee, he knew Robert E. Lee well, and knew these were no idle threats.  As the servants carefully moved about serving coffee and buttered biscuits, he used the moment to weigh carefully his options.  But the more he pondered the problem, the more he realized, there simply were no options open to him, outside of throwing his new nation and himself, at the mercy of Jefferson Davis.  Looking straight into the eyes, first of Robert E. Lee, then Jefferson Davis, Lincoln slowly began to answer.
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You gentlemen hold the power to crush us, just as you have indicated, therefore war between us would be a most bitter fruit from our advantage point.  If I were to choose to force the issue, my people would face injury, death and destruction on a colossal scale!  Therefore I am compelled to ask; on what terms the United States would be prepared to recognize the independence of the Union of American States; Jefferson Davis was known to be an astute politician, and like Robert E. Lee, he was known for his sense of duty, honor, honesty, integrity, and faith.  But nothing could have prepared either of them for such a moment!

Davis had never held within himself a desire to be in such a situation, whereby he would hold the power to dictate terms, under such a scenario such as he now faced.  President Davis paused for a moment to consider his reply; He and his Vice President had discussed such a possibility over the past several days.  President Davis paused then excused him self as he paced the floor, a few remarks passing between himself and his Vice President.  Finally he gave his reply!  Mr. Lincoln, the only means by which we have to prevent tyranny from being imposed by an all-powerful central government is through adherence of strictly enforced enumerated and limited constitutional powers.
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Those powers, which rest solely upon the sovereign, will of the people, as exercised through their individual States!  The process of secession may seem disagreeable to those who walk in the halls of political power.  But none-the-less secession is an essential mechanism whereby government is constantly on notice, to listen to the voice of its citizen, least despotism takes foothold.  Therefore, in answer to your question!  The Union of American States will amend their new constitution, guaranteeing the right of individual States, to secede when it is deemed that membership no longer serves their best interest.  The language shall be clear and unmistakable to present and future generations!

You are a provisional President, and your new permanent constitution, has not yet been submitted to the States for ratification.  Your government temporarily rests upon an altered version of our own constitution.  Let me clearly state, this amendment shall be made, prior to ratification of the new constitution, and this amendment will be included within its text, from the outset.  There should be no mistake; we will not tolerate forced membership in your union, under the guise of putting down a rebellion.  I hope I make myself clear sir?  These are the terms, and they will be enforced, or our armies will march!  You as president must be the servant of your people, not their ruler, and that by voluntary consent!
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You will work out the details with Vice President Robert E. Lee prior to both of us signing a treaty of peace!  Both of our Secretaries of State will stay in communication throughout the process, until your constitution with this amendment has been ratified and in force.  Have you anything to add Mr. Vice President, the President turning to Robert E. Lee, as the Vice President replied, no sir?  President Lincoln and I will confer tomorrow on the details prior to his submitting the document to his own people.  The three men stood and shook hands, as President Jefferson Davis and his aides slowly headed for the door.  The President's carriage was waiting, to rush him across the Potomac River, and back to the Whitehouse!
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The President of the Union of American States, Abraham Lincoln, would stay another two days at the Lee mansion conferring with Vice President Lee.  Back at the Whitehouse, President Davis prepared to submit the names of his three nominees to the Supreme Court, filling seats left vacant when their respective States seceded, and they resigned!  The president had already made it clear, qualification of any prospective nominees will include, the right of any State to secede, as well as a firm conviction, that ours is a Voluntary Republic of Sovereign States.  And there must be strict adherence to the constitution, as the President previously stated; based upon "what the constitution says, not what we wish it to say."
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Dateline 25 June 1861
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The newly promoted and appointed General Thomas J. Jackson, General of the Army, was in receipt of an invitation to report to the Vice Presidential Mansion at Arlington Virginia.  He was greeted at the door, first by Robert E. Lee's servants, then by the Vice President himself.  Good morning General Jackson, I pray your trip has not been unpleasant!  It was indeed a pleasant trip sir; the grounds of your plantation are most beautiful this time of year, and I pray you do well Mr. Vice President?  Very well, and please do come in!  The servants took the general's hat and cloak, as the two men walked into the parlor.

General Jackson, I have asked you to come, in order to relay the President's wishes that you act upon a critical situation, which has arisen.  Please do continue Mr. Vice President!  You are familiar with the little town of Gettysburg Pennsylvania?  Yes, of course!  Well, as you are aware, the two armies of the U.A.S. and the U.S.A. have successful divided themselves into two armies, with only minor difficulties.  The borders have been relatively stabilized, and the two armies have relocated their respective men and equipment to positions within their own borders.  Nonetheless, a few items remain to be worked out between our two navies, which apparently are progressing on schedule.
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Most military men have accepted our division into two nations with resolution, but there are a few who insist we return to the old political order!  You wouldn't be speaking of General Philip Sheridan and his raiders?  You are obviously well informed General Jackson!  He and his corps have not accepted the division, and my information indicates he may attempt to march on Washington.  His ultimate goal would obvious be to unseat this government!  Yes of course Mr. Vice President, indeed it is, and unless he is stopped; he'll soon be knocking on the gates of the city.   General Sheridan no doubt feels that if he can kill or capture the President as well as myself, he could reunite the two nations.

He is of course, even as we speak, marching toward Gettysburg, and if unopposed, will cross the Potomac within a week to ten days.  Mr. Vice President, I have taken the liberty of positioning the Army of Northern Virginia, which presently numbers two and a half divisions, on the Virginia side.  They are at this time encamped to the northwest!  By your leave, an additional 22,000 troops will remain here in Washington as a contingent.  I need not ask you if 35,000 are sufficient, inasmuch as they will prove quite adequate I am sure sir.  And whom do you have with you as your commanders, General Jackson?  Generals James Longstreet and A.P. Hill have recently joined my staff!

Oh, I wasn't aware General Longstreet was in the area, remarked Vice President Lee?  General Jackson, glancing at Lee responded; he has just arrived last evening from South Carolina!  Very well general, when do you propose to march?  Jackson once more looking at Lee remarked, it will be at sunset tomorrow sir, since time is of the essence, if we are to prevent a disaster.  Then I shall not cause you further delay give your hard ride ahead, and good day general.  Good day sir, and give my parting good-by's to the missus!  And do give my best wishes to Generals Hill and Longstreet, replied the Vice President!  By all means sir!  The servants approached with General Jackson's hat and cloak, as the two men slowly moved toward the door.  The generals horse had been brought around to the front of the mansion, and awaited him just outside!
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After a long march, General Jackson's army had crossed into Pennsylvania, and approached the vicinity of Gettysburg at dawn about ten days later.  A.P. Hill's corps had been ordered to move along the Chambersburg-Gettysburg Pike, General Longstreet's corps approached from the east, while General Jackson's own troops marched straight up the middle.  General Benjamin F. Butler assisted General Philip Sheridan!  Sheridan's Raiders had already taken the high ground at locations in the area, later to be known as Cemetery Ridge and the Little Round Top.  It appeared that the field of battle was already laid out in anticipation of conflict to come!
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General Jackson's tactics called for out flanking the raiders and boxing them into a situation, where they would have to defend every possible approach, then simply wearing them down with a barrage of fire-power, rather then a charge up the ridge, which would prove far to costly.  Thus Jackson's troops performed hop and jump maneuvers, moving ever closer to within firing range!  This was done company-by-company, rather then forming a battle line and moving forward, and a portion of the corps stood in reserve so providing cover for those moving forward.  Sufficient artillery was available to harass the raiders, thus denying them a moments rest or a reprieve!
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After several days’ bombardment, General Butler realized they were subsisting on limited rations and munitions, so he attempted a breakout across the wheat field and Peach Orchard, along the Emmetsburg Road.  However, General Longstreet had other plans, and a soon fierce battle both armies exchanging fire!  Later the battle, which took place here, would come to be known as the Battle of the Wheat field!  General Sheridan made every attempt to keep the remainder of the General Jackson's army pinned down, but to no avail.  Those troops remaining under General Jackson's Corps, which had been held in reserve was quickly reassigned to help cut off General Butler's escape!
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Dateline 4 July 1861
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General Sheridan’s troops fought well that day, and many were decimated, but the tactics, numbers and firepower of James Longstreet’s corps proved too much.  General Sheridan seeing what soon would be the destruction of his army ordered a cease-fire, and asked to meet with General Jackson, he knew well his surrender was imminent.  The surrender of General Philip Sheridan would come as a result of the horrible losses suffered, leaving his raiders with half their original numbers, an untenable loss given the small size of his army at the outset.  Thus General Jackson decided to send a message addressed to General Sheridan!
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General Philip Sheridan, the severe losses among your numbers have become all too obvious, your position can no longer be sustained.  It is my desire to avoid the further effusion of blood.  Therefore this opportunity is offered, that you might peacefully surrender your army.  Shortly after what seemed like hours, but was actually a fraction of that time, a reply came back.  General Thomas J. Jackson; your offer has been most graciously received!  It would be my humble desire to meet with you, and ascertain under what conditions you will accept the surrender of my army…your obedient servant, General Philip Sheridan, Commanding.
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While General Jackson counted moderate losses among his own army, the same could not be said of General Sheridan!  His raiders suffered nearly 8,000 casualties, but the incident sent a strong message across the north, that the division of the formally allied States into two nations would not be settled by violence, or in disregard of law, which in itself constitutes a legal and political question, to be settled in the political arena.  The battle fought here, became known afterward as the Battle of Gettysburg!
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General Philip Sheridan and Benjamin F. Butler both faced a courts marshal for crimes against humanity and war crimes!  These offenses were committed during the course of the battle, against unarmed captured prisoners.  The remaining officers were imprisoned for two years, and repatriated back to their own country; the men under their command were held for six months and also repatriated.  Many years passed before the bitterness caused by the division into two nations finally faded, but it did eventually pass after a period of time, and the two nations became friends and allies.
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Dateline 5 October 1861
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A committee was appointed, and headed by Vice President Robert E. Lee, in conjunction with a joint committee of both houses of the congress.  A blueprint was drafted and passed into law, which set in motion a decade’s long chain of events, ending the institution of slavery forever.  Minus the political hatred of the abolitionist and the warmongers, and the issue was settled peacefully, contrary to John Brown and Abraham Lincoln ideals.  Additionally, the South had proved, slavery could be ended, without economic loss!
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The Negroes were educated and integrated into society without the social upheaval or racial divisions that would have come to pass under the abolitionist.  The moneys spent to purchase the slaves, served to stimulate the economy, providing jobs during the transition, and expanded opportunities for everyone.  President Jefferson Davis achieved one last major triumph before the years end, in proposing and seeing passed, what would eventually become the fourteen amendments to the constitution, and sending it to the States for ratification.
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It reads as follows; "The individual member States of this Voluntary Republic, are in all respects sovereign, and are free to govern without interference, over all domestic affairs, within their own respective borders.  These sovereign rights includes the right of secession, when they shall deem membership in this union, no longer serving their best interest."
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A similar amendment to the Union of American States Constitution was passed and ratified!  Shortly afterward, President Jefferson Davis, true to his word, officially recognized the new nation.  Trade and cooperation between the United States and the Union of American States increased, to the favor of both nations.  The western territories were given their freedom to choose to which nation they preferred to make application for Statehood, if any.
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Dateline 6 December 1861
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The State of Oklahoma was granted Statehood under special provisions as an Indian State, prior to the end of Jefferson Davis' first term!  The original Arizona territory was in due course of time divided into two equal portions, the Arizona Indian Territory, which extended north to the Colorado River and the Territory of New Mexico.  Many years latter, both would apply for, and be accepted into Statehood; Arizona would become the Second Indian State.
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In the north the Dakota Indian Territory sought similar favor from the Union of America States, and entered their union, as the Indian State of Dakota.  History was made, when an Indian Representative and two Senators, arrived on capital hill in Washington, and took the oath of office, dressed in the robes of an Indian Warrior.  Thus ended the Indian Wars!  The inalienable rights of all of our people were now protected by the constitution, including their right to their own history, heritage and culture.

God save the Confederacy

 

 

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We feel that our cause is just and holy; we protest solemnly in the face of mankind that we desire peace at any sacrifice save that of honor and independence; we ask no conquest, no aggrandizement, no concession of any kind from the States with which we were lately confederated; all we ask is to be let alone; that those who never held power over us shall not now attempt our subjugation by arms." --- President Jefferson Davis - 29 April 1861
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